EC Joint Research Centre, Ispra
About the institution:
The mission of the Joint Research Centre (EC-JRC, Ispra, Italy) is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of European policies. As a Directorate General of the European Commission, the EC-JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the Union. Close to the policy-making process, it serves the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, whether private or national.
The EC-JRC Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) has developed over the years skills and tools to provide neutral and Europe-wide expertise in the environmental field. A major strength of the IES is its access to environmental European-wide databases, and its capabilities in spatial analysis using GIS. The Rural Water and Ecosystem Resources Unit (RWER) of IES carries out research in support of European policies on ecological water quality and management, on the integration of environmental concerns into agriculture and rural development. Expertise is available on modelling and scenario analyses for assessments of pressures, vulnerability and risk on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and on the development of sustainability indicators. The Unit has recently published a European Atlas for investigating the fate of agrochemicals in terrestrial ecosystem and a series of research papers on the evaluation of nutrients pressures on European waters including climate change impacts. In the framework of the STRIVER twinning project on Integrated Water Resources Management, the RWER Unit is leading the work of data collection and dissemination for a network of European and Asian river basins. The Unit has been involved in several European projects, e.g. EUROHARP, TempQsim, CHESS, DITTY, REBECCA, SENSOR . In addition, the Unit is involved in different Working Groups (WG) of the Water Framework Directive implementation strategy, e.g. the co-chairing of the ECOSTAT WG dealing with intercalibration for the definition of good ecological status, the contribution to the WFD and Agriculture WG, to the Water Scarcity Expert Group and to the EU- Water initiative. It also provides support to nature and biodiversity policies of DG Agriculture and DG Environment.
Role in LiveDiverse:
In WP2 on Multidisciplinary Knowledge Base and Vulnerability Mapping EC-JRC is leader and responsible for the multi-disciplinary database. In WP5 on Ecological vulnerability and GIS mapping EC-JRC will contribute to the analysis of vulnerability indicators and spatial analysis. Finally, EC-JRC will contribute to the development of the sustainable livelihood and biodiversity scenarios (WP8).
Giovanni Bidoglio is the Head of the Rural, Water and Ecosystem Resources Unit. He has more than 15 years of experience in experimental and modelling research on impacts induced by land- use on pollutant release and transport from point and diffuse sources. He is responsible for interfacing research activities of the Unit with EU policies on water and ecosystem protection. G. Bidoglio is a member of the Editorial Board of Journal of Hydrology. He has authored or co-authored more than 70 peer-reviewed publications.
Fayçal Bouraoui is the leader of the FATE (Fate of Agrochemicals in Terrestrial Ecosystems) team in the Rural, Water and Ecosystem Resources Unit. His research involves the development and application of modelling tools at continental scale to evaluate the effects of current European policies on water quality and to assess the effects of possible future scenarios of climate and land use changes on the water resource. His research interests include the impacts of agricultural activities on water quality in Europe and in Africa, under the challenge of global changes.
Bruna Grizzetti is an environmental hydrologist with experience in the large scale modelling of nutrient pollution in surface waters. Her current activities include the evaluation of the impacts of environmental policies and possible future scenarios on European water quality. Her research interests involve the application of water modelling tools in interdisciplinary projects for sustainable water management. She has worked in the project STRIVER on twinning integrated water management experiences in European and Asian countries.
Bouraoui, F., B. Grizzetti, G. Adelsköld, H. Behrendt, I. de Miguel, M. Silgram, S. Gómez, K. Granlund, L. Hoffmann, B. Kronvang, S. Kværnø, A. Lázár, M Mimikou, G. Passarella, P. Panagos, H. Reisser, B. Schwarzl, C. Siderius, A.S. Sileika, A.A.M.F.R. Smit, R. Sugrue, M. VanLiedekerke, J. Zaloudik. 2009. Basin characteristics and nutrient losses: the EUROHARP catchment network perspective. Journal of Environmental Monitoring. 11:515-525.
Bouraoui, F., Grizzetti, B. and Aloe, A., 2008. Nutrient discharge from rivers to seas for year 2000. In Scenario-study of the expected cumulative impact of existing European Union environmental legislation on the impact of some aquatic discharges from land on the quality of the marine environment.1st Annual Report (AA n° 07.01.0401/2007/ETU/479433/D2), Joint Research Centre.
Grizzetti, B., Bouraoui F. and De Marsily, G., 2008. Assessing nitrogen pressures on European surface water. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 22: GB4023.
Bouraoui, F., Grizzetti, B., 2008. An integrated modelling framework to estimate the fate of nutrients: Application to the Loire (France). Ecological modelling, 212: 450–459.